Audi A4, S4
since 2000 of release
Repair and car operation
Audi A4, S4
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
+ Brake system
- Suspension bracket and steering
Security measures at work
+ Suspension bracket of forward wheels
+ Suspension bracket of back wheels
+ Corners of installation of wheels of the car
- Steering and safety cushions
General information and security measures
Removal and installation of the block of a safety cushion
Removal and installation of a steering wheel
Removal and installation of a tip of steering draft
Removal and installation of a protective cover of the steering mechanism
+ Onboard electric equipment
Steering and safety cushions
General information and security measures
Elements of hydrosystem of the steering mechanism. 4-cylinder engine and 6-cylinder diesel engine
The steering consists of a steering wheel, a steering column, the steering mechanism in the form of gear реечной transfer and drafts of a steering drive. The steering column transfers movements of a steering wheel to the steering mechanism. The gear lath of the steering mechanism according to turn of a steering wheel moves to the right or to the left. Steering drafts via hinges and a rotary fist transfer steering efforts to forward wheels.
Gear реечная transfer of the steering mechanism - bezzazorny and not demanding service. Within carrying out maintenance control of protective covers and boots of tips of steering drafts is required only.
The hydraulic booster providing decrease in effort, enclosed to a steering wheel has a steering of the car. The hydraulic booster contains the hydropump and the tank of working liquid. The hydropump sucks in liquid from the tank and submits it under a high pressure to the operating valve in the steering mechanism. The operating valve has mechanical communication with a steering spindle and directs liquid, depending on turn of a steering wheel, to the corresponding cavity of the working cylinder in the case of the steering mechanism. Here liquid influences the piston and, thus, supports management process. At the same time the piston squeezes out liquid from an opposite cavity of the working cylinder via the returnable pipeline in the liquid tank.
Production of welding and leveling works with elements of a steering is not allowed. Being self-stopped bolts and nuts, and also bolts and the nuts having corrosion, should be replaced with the new.
In a steering wheel the safety cushion of the driver is located. The safety cushion represents a developing air bag which is filled with air at a head-on collision of the car and thus protects the top part of a trunk and the head of the driver. At a head-on collision of the corresponding force the control unit sends a signal to a safety cushion fuse. As a result of explosion gas which inflates a pillow during several milliseconds is formed. It is enough this time, that демпфировать moving of the top part of a trunk of the driver moving forward. Then within several seconds the safety cushion again develops, since gases leave a pillow through available openings.
The safety cushion consists of the sensor of collision, a fuse, the control unit a safety cushion and the pillow. The signal on naduvany safety cushions is developed by the control unit.
The car is equipped with a safety cushion of the driver and the forward passenger, and also lateral safety cushions, safety cushions around the head and natyazhitel of seat belts. The locations of safety cushions are, as a rule, designated by "SRS Airbag" inscriptions.
The children's seat focused against movement of the car, excepting a special children's seat in a combination to the device of automatic recognition of a children's seat is not allowed to have on a seat of the forward passenger.
Before work with safety systems
General measures of safety
Never establish components of an airbag of other car or other steering wheel. At replacement establish only new details.
Even after insignificant failure which did not lead to safety cushion operation, hand over system of a safety cushion and a natyazhitel of a belt on check on HUNDRED.
After safety cushion operation in a steering wheel surely replace a steering wheel, at operation of a lateral safety cushion replace a cover in door facing, at operation of a safety cushion of the forward passenger replace the dashboard.
It is necessary to replace the control unit with a safety cushion surely after triple operation.
The safety cushion is allowed to be checked only on HUNDRED. By no means it is impossible to apply a control lamp, the voltmeter or an ohmmeter to pillow check.
The elements of the safety cushion which have fallen from height more than 0.5 m, it is necessary to replace surely.
It is necessary to protect safety cushion elements from heat or fire influence. Do not subject safety cushion elements to temperature influence above + 100°С.
Protect a safety cushion from contact to water, greasing or oil. At hit of water, greasing or oil immediately wipe a pillow.
After removal of a safety cushion store it so that the soft party specified upward. At return storage there is a danger of emission up at casual ignition of the generator of gas. Thereby there is a danger of a travmirovaniye.
If in work the break becomes, it is impossible to leave a safety cushion without supervision.
It is not allowed to assort the safety cushion block. In the presence of malfunction it will be replaced completely. As the pillow contains explosive, it is necessary to store reliably it under supervision.
Before utilization of the car it is necessary to utilize safety cushion components.
At carrying out any works on the car with electric welding application previously it is necessary to disunite the socket of the control unit of a safety cushion at the disconnected storage battery.