Audi A4, S4
since 2000 of release
Repair and car operation
Audi A4, S4
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
- Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ ignition and engine management System
+ System of preheat of the diesel engine
- Diagnostics of systems of electronic control and diagnostic equipment
Diagnostics of electronic control systems by the engine, injection, ignition and auxiliary brake systems
The controler of interface of the personal computer with onboard system of self-diagnostics of OBD II according to protocols of the SAE standards (PWM and VPW) and ISO 9141-2
Oscillograph application for supervision of signals in chains of control systems
+ charging and start Systems
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Diagnostics of systems of electronic control and diagnostic equipment
The structure of OBD system includes some diagnostic devices making monitoring of separate parameters of systems of decrease in toxicity and fixing revealed refusals in memory of the onboard processor in the form of individual codes of malfunctions. The system makes also check of sensors and actuation mechanisms, supervises vehicle service cycles, provides storing possibility even failures quickly arising in the course of work and cleaning of the block of memory.
All models described in the real Management are equipped with system of onboard diagnostics of the second generation (OBD II). A basic element of system is the onboard processor more often called by the electronic control unit (ESM), or the control unit functioning of the power unit (RSM). RSM is a brain of a control system of the engine. Basic data arrive on the block from various information sensors and others electronic a component (switches, the relay etc.) . On the basis of the analysis of data arriving from information sensors, and according to put in memory of the processor in base parameters, RSM develops commands for operation of various operating relays and actuation mechanisms, carrying out thereby adjustment of working parameters of the engine, and providing maximum efficiency of its return at the minimum fuel consumption. Data read-out of memory of the OBD-II processor is made by means of the special scanner connected to the 16-contact diagnostic socket of reading of a database (DLC), located in car salon.
Data on diagnostic devices
Check of serviceability of functioning a component of systems of injection and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases is made by means of a universal digital measuring instrument (multimeter). Use of a digital measuring instrument preferably for several reasons. First, on analog devices it is rather difficult (sometimes, it is impossible), to define result of the indication to within the 100-th and thousand shares while at inspection of the contours including in the structure electronic components, such accuracy takes on special significance. The second, the reason that fact is not less important that the internal contour of a digital multimeter, has rather high impedance (internal resistance of the device makes 10 megohms). As the voltmeter is connected to a checked chain in parallel, accuracy of measurement by that is higher, than the smaller current will pass through actually device. This factor is not essential at measurement of rather high values of tension (9-12 In), however there is defining at diagnostics of elements giving out low-voltage signals, such, as, for example, a lambda probe where it is a question of measurement of shares of volt.
Parallel supervision of parameters of signals, resistance and tension in all chains of management is possible by means of a splitter included consistently in the socket of the control unit by the engine. Thus on the switched-off, working engine or during car movement, measurement of parameters of signals on splitter plugs from what the conclusion about possible defects is drawn is made.
Special diagnostic scanners or testers can be applied to diagnostics of electronic systems of the engine, automatic transmission, ABS, SRS and other with a certain cartridge (if it is provided), a universal cable and the socket. Besides, it is possible to apply the expensive specialized automobile diagnostic computer which has been specially developed for complete diagnostics of the majority of systems of modern cars to this purpose (for example, Launch HiTech firm ADC2000). Also, it is possible to apply scanners and specialized diagnostic analyzers to this purpose, for example VAG1551, FDS 2000, Bosch FSA 560, KTS 500 (0 684 400 500) or the ordinary personal computer with the special controler, a cable (for example, a set 1 687 001 439) and the established program OBD II browser.
Some scanners, besides usual operations of diagnostics, allow, at connection with the personal computer, to unpack being stored in memory of the control unit schematic diagrams of electric equipment (if are put), to program anticreeping system, to observe signals in car chains in real time.