Audi A4, S4

since 2000 of release

Repair and car operation



Audi A4, S4
+ Introduction
+ Governing bodies and receptions of safe operation
+ Current leaving and service
+ Engine
+ Systems of cooling, heating and air conditioner
+ Power supply systems, release and decrease in toxicity of the fulfilled gases
+ Systems of electric equipment of the engine
+ Manual box of gear shifting
+ Automatic transmission
+ Coupling, power shafts and differential
- Brake system
   Specifications
   Air removal from brake system
   Removal and installation of forward brake shoes
   Removal and installation of blocks of brake mechanisms of back wheels
   Check of thickness of a brake disk
   Removal and installation of a brake disk/support
   Adjustment of the parking brake
   Removal and installation of the switch of a stoplight
   Removal and installation of a brake hose
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Body
+ Onboard electric equipment


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Brake system

Main data

The brake system consists of the main brake cylinder, the amplifier of a brake and disk brake mechanisms of lobbies and back wheels. The hydraulic brake system has two contours, operating diagonalno. One contour influences on forward right/back left тормозы, the second contour operates on forward left/back right тормозы. At refusal of one of contours, for example, owing to leakage of liquid braking of the car is carried out by other contour. Pressure of liquid in both contours is created by the doubled main brake cylinder operating from a pedal of a brake.

The tank with brake liquid is in an impellent compartment, over the main brake cylinder. It supplies with brake liquid all system.

The amplifier of a brake at the petrol engine accumulates a part of the vacuum created in the soaked-up pipeline of the engine. By pressing of a pedal of a brake the effort to it decreases owing to strengthening action of vacuum. As the diesel engine has no necessary vacuum on absorption, models with the diesel engine have the special vacuum pump. The vacuum pump is established ahead on a head of cylinders and is actuated from a camshaft.

The car has as ahead, so behind disk brakes with a floating bracket of a support. At such design one piston provides pressing of both brake shoes to a brake disk.

At movement on wet roads it is necessary to press periodically a brake pedal for drying of disk brakes. Owing to the centrifugal force arising in the course of movement of the car, water is dumped from disks. However there is a thin film of products of wear of rubber, greasing and the pollution interfering effective operation of brakes.

Dirt and water on a surface of brake shoes lead to formation of furrows on a surface of brake disks that reduces efficiency of braking.

When cleaning brake system the dust is allocated, which can harm to health of the person therefore to inhale a brake dust it is impossible.

ABS/amplifier of emergency braking/EBV/EDS

Works with electronic operated elements of brake system and system of movement are authorized to be made only to the experts having the corresponding preparation.

ABS: The anti-blocking system interferes with blocking of wheels at sharp braking of the car. It promotes controllability preservation by the car in the course of braking and increases traffic safety.

Amplifier of emergency braking: The electronic system of the amplifier on the basis of speed of moving of a pedal of a brake and pressure upon a pedal distinguishes an emergency. In such situation the amplifier automatically during milliseconds increases the brake pressure which has been set by the driver, to border of blocking of wheels.

EBV: The system of electronic distribution of brake effort by means of ABS hydraulics distributes brake effort between lobbies and back wheels. As the electronic system EBV works essentially more sensitively, than the regulator of brake effort operating mechanically, is used essentially bigger range of regulation.

At movement on a straight line back brakes participate at full capacity in the course of braking. To provide stability of the car as well when braking on turns, it is necessary to reduce participation in process of braking of back brakes. Via sensors of number of turns of ABS the EBV system receives information, whether the car directly moves or does turn. At turn implementation braking by back brake mechanisms decreases. Thanks to it back wheels can keep the maximum lateral coupling with the road.

EDS: The electronic blocked differential, at a troganiye from a place brakes being turned wheels. Thanks to it the torque is redistributed on "pulling" wheels.

The electronic blocking differential operates at a troganiye from a place and is switched off automatically at achievement of speed of 40 km/h. Advantages of this system are absence of negative influence on road performance and preservation of comfort of management at a car troganiye from a place.

Instructions on ABS/EBV/EDV systems

The safety scheme in the electronic control unit watches that the system in the presence of any defect (for example, cable break) or at too low working voltage (tension of the storage battery is lower 10 In) was disconnected itself. It is displayed on the dashboard by fire of control lamps. The usual system of braking remains thus efficient. The car when braking behaves as if ABS is absent.

If during movement control lamps of ABS and brake system burn, at strong braking back wheels since distribution of brake effort failed are blocked.

If during movement the control lamp of ABS lights up:

 PERFORMANCE ORDER

    Stop the car, switch off the engine and again start it. Check tension of the storage battery. If tension is lower 10.5 In, charge the battery.

If control lamps light up in a start of motion and after a while die away, it specifies that at first tension of the battery at first was too low. Then it raises owing to a battery charging from the generator.

    Check, whether plugs of the battery are reliably fixed and whether there is a reliable contact. Lift and establish the car on supports, remove wheels and check electric wires of sensors of number of turns on existence of external damages (a place of retyrannies). More careful check of ABS/EBV/EDV systems should be carried out in conditions HUNDRED.

Before carrying out electrowelding works it is necessary расстыковать the control unit socket hydraulics in an impellent compartment. The socket undocks at the switched-off ignition. When coloring the control unit can quickly be exposed to temperature not above +95°С and during longer time (no more than the 2nd hour) to temperature not above +85°С.